|Semester||Semester 6 – Spring|
Fundamental principles of Thermodynamics. Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Substances. Phase diagrams and Triple-Point, Tables of Thermodynamic Properties. The First Law of Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic Analysis of Closed Systems and Control Volumes, Processes and Steady-state flow systems. Non Steady state flow Processes. The Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy, Clausius theorem, Nernst principle. Isentropic Processes in gases – liquids and solids, Isentropic efficiency, Entropy balance, irreversibility, Availability: Exergy and Energy, Reversible Work, Exergy destruction. Equations of Thermodynamic Properties: Maxwell and Clapeyron equations, Joule – Thomson coefficient, Power Generation Gas-Cycle: Carnot, Otto, Diesel, Stirling, Ericsson, Brayton Cycles. Power Generation Cycles with Steam: Carnot, Rankine. Binary and Combined Power Generation Gas-Cycle. Cooling Generation Cycles: Ideal and Actual Cooling Generation Cycles with compression. Heat Pumps, Gas Refrigeration Cycle, Absorption Cooling Systems, Thermo-electric systems.
Objective of this subject is the understanding of the meaning of thermodynamic system, – process, reversible and quasi- static process, thermodynamic state, – property, – variable, – cycle, temperature, pressure, enthalpy, entropy, availability. Also, the understanding of the basic concepts of Thermodynamics (1st and 2nd Law) sets a sound base for the Mechanical and Electrical Engineering education.
- Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Develop and apply mass and energy balances in selected control volumes
- Analyze thermodynamic processes and calculate thermodynamic cycles:
- Clausius-Rankine cycle, Brayton cycle, Compression cooling cycle, Linde process
- Calculate exergy differences, exergy losses in various thermodynamic cycles